Essential foods during Covid-19: USA, Germany, Ukraine. And generic list.
During few weeks self-isolation period its essential to have a well-stocked pantry. So we placed tips, how you shall write your own list of essential food items to stay fit and healthy during home lockdown.
Below are essential foods, other products and medicines, recommended in some countries: USA, Germany, Ukraine.
Then, you can read how Angela Merkel assembled her own quarantine kit.
** USA **
Basic Disaster Supplies Kit
To assemble your kit, store items in airtight plastic bags and put your entire disaster supplies kit in one or two easy-to-carry containers such as plastic bins or a duffel bag.
A basic emergency supply kit could include the following recommended items:
Water - one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
Food - at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert
First aid kit
Whistle to signal for help
Dust mask to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
Manual can opener for food
Cell phone with chargers and a backup battery
Additional Emergency Supplies
Consider adding the following items to your emergency supply kit based on your individual needs:
Non-prescription medications such as pain relievers, anti-diarrhea medication, antacids or laxatives
Glasses and contact lenses solution
Infant formula, bottles, diapers, wipes, diaper rash cream
Pet food and extra water for your pet
Cash or traveler"s checks
Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification and bank account records saved electronically or in a waterproof, portable container
Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person
Complete change of clothing appropriate for your climate and sturdy shoes
Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper to disinfect water
Matches in a waterproof container
Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
Mess kits, paper cups, plates, paper towels and plastic utensils
Paper and pencil
Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children
Maintaining Your Kit
After assembling your kit remember to maintain it so its ready when needed:
Keep canned food in a cool, dry place
Store boxed food in tightly closed plastic or metal containers
Replace expired items as needed
** Germany **
The list of necessary products, in order to survive in the conditions of quarantine, declared for 10 days, includes a supply of water, cereals, potatoes, macaroni, rice, vegetables, fruits, nuts, dairy products, meat, fish.
For one person for 10 days, without leaving home the essentials:
20 liters of drinking water,
3.5 kg (in general) of bread,
macaroni and rice,
2.5 kg of canned vegetables and nuts,
4 kg of dried fruit and canned Fruits,
2.6 kg of milk and dairy products,
1.5 kg of meat, fish, eggs or powdered powder,
0.4 kg of fats and vegetable oil.
Also, people are recommended to stock up on sugar, honey, flour, bouillon cubes, dry roast and chocolate.
The quarantine kit should include a stock of medicines, candles, gas burners, lanterns, batteries and disinfectants.
Angela Merkel, a chancellor of Germany went into quarantine at home on March 22nd after being informed that a doctor who had administered a vaccination to her had tested positive for the new coronavirus.
Before she went into quarantine, Merkel was photographed in supermarket, near her apartment in Berlin. She purchased fruits, soap, four bottles of wine and some other goods.
** Ukraine **
A set of products for a single adult person for 14 days of self-isolation:
potatoes 5 kg,
5 kg vegetables,
fruits 5 kg,
walnuts 1 kg,
chocolate 4-5 blocks,
fish / meat cans for 5 cans
4-5 kg of grain/cereals
It takes 80-100 grams of grain/cereals per person for a dinner or breakfast, or 300 grams per day. Thus for two weeks, it makes 4-5 kg of grain. It is necessary that this was a variety.
Vegetables are essential to supply vitamins. Also nuts - the source of Omega-3.
Also necessary proteins contain canned fish and meat.
So, summarizing the various opinions the Generic essentials food list looks as follows:
Food and kitchen
There is no definitive list of food items, but there are some food items that work better than others.
Dried beans, rice and other grains, like oatmeal
Canned fish, soup and stews
Essentials like oil, salt and pepper
Smoothie blends and protein powder
Coffee and tea
Snacks that have a longer shelf life, like dried fruit and nuts
Meat and poultry (ideally vacuum-sealed), like chicken, beef and pork
Avoid fish, which can spoil if not properly frozen
Vegetables and fruit
Pet food, if you have pets (and treats!)
All-purpose cleaning spray
A water filter (or filter replacement)
Dish soap and sponges
Be sure you have a reliable thermometer
More tips, how you shall write your own list of essential food items.
Vegetables and fruits
Frozen vegetables and fruits last much longer and have similar nutritional values as their fresh counterparts. The frozen ones are great for stir-fry. The fresh fruits/veges can be consumed row, or added to your morning cereals and smoothies. Choose frozen vegetables and unsweetened frozen fruits with no added salt and/or seasoning.
The long lasting vegetables are recommended for making baked sweet potato fries; and onions, for making baked onion rings and onion soups.
Fruits like apples, oranges, grapefruits and bananas also have a longer shelf life. Tips for bananas - choose the unripe ones so you can eat them as they ripen. Either as a stand-alone fruit or as an ingredient in your smoothies.
Bread is a one of most essential food in many countries/cultures. So purhase sliced loaf of whole grain bread for its rich nutritional content and toast a piece or two and pair it with your favourite nut butter, or simply enjoy it as French toast. Freezing bread extends its shelf life.
To increase your fridge space for other essential food items, choose powdered milk over fluid milk. Since both have the same nutrients, powdered milk is a great alternative to fluid milk where you can reconstitute it with water and drink it as is or add it to your dishes that call for milk.
It is important to have variety at your meals, so consider purchasing an array of whole grains: pasta, rice, quinoa, barley, millet and buckwheat. They are packed with nutrients and are just as versatile as rice where you can add them to salads, stir fry, or enjoy them as a side with other dishes.
You adviced to have meats, poultry and fish in the freezer plus a dozen or two eggs available in the fridge.
Dried lentils and peas to make split pea and lentil soup
Canned beans such as chickpeas, kidney beans and black beans, to add to your salads and soups, or to make bean dips like hummus or a hearty vegetarian chilli from scratch.
Canned fish also recommended, such as canned salmon and tuna. They are also a protein-rich filling for sandwiches, which are a perfect and easy to assemble food on days where you are swamped with teleconferences, virtual meetings and chores around the home.
It is quite good to have a bag or two of whole grain flour for baking whole grain muffins and biscuits for the family.
Popcorn When it is air popped and without any flavours added, popcorn is a low-calorie, low-fat, high-fibre whole grain snack. Instead of buying microwaveable packs, consider buying kernels prepacked or in bulk.
Plain chocolate as antioxidant food that may offer health benefits, dark chocolate is an ideal choice for those who have a sweet tooth.
|People must stay at home, only go outside for shopping - food, medications and the other most necessary actions.|
|The fresh fruits/veges can be consumed row, or added to your morning cereals and smoothies. |
|What are on demand during a pandemic (K road, Auckland)?|
|Angela Merkel assembling her own quarantine kit.|
|Have meats, poultry and fish as essentials; canned fish also recommended, such as canned salmon and tuna.|
|It is important to have variety at your meals, so consider purchasing an array of whole grains: pasta, rice, quinoa, barley, millet and buckwheat.|
|Freezer: Meat and poultry (ideally vacuum-sealed), like chicken, beef and pork. Frozen vegetables and fruits last much longer and have similar nutritional values as their fresh counterparts.|
|Pharmacy on Aucklands main street - Queen Street.|
|Shopping in Auckland preparations for staying at home for lockdown period.|
|Auckland - most of the shops closed. Only supermarkets, pharmacies, shops which selling food are open (K road, Auckland).|
|Auckland: all businesses are closed, except transport, couriers etc.|
|To assemble your kit, store items in airtight plastic bags and put your entire disaster supplies kit in one or two easy-to-carry containers such as plastic bins or a duffel bag.|
|Vegetables and fruits are essential to supply vitamins. Also nuts - the source of Omega-3.|
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Essential foods during Covid-19: USA, Germany, Ukraine. And generic list.